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Reintegration after 10 years conflict: Nepal
un articulo por Prakash Khadka

Whole Dailekh: a remote district in western Nepal trembled out of fear when a local police post was attacked by Maoist, causing 28 police killed, 12 injured in April 2001. Later on in November 2004, suddenly a group of Maoist highly decorated with arms entered inside a home of Ms. Chanda Magar, 28 and commanded to prepare food for their battalion. Family was backed up by villagers to protest against but they were badly beaten. Very next day, early morning, out of fear, she fled to Surkhet with her 2 daughters; her husband was in Nepal Army, rests of the family members headed towards Dailekh headquarter. Other villagers also ran away leaving their properties behind. Later on Maoist combatants took their grains and cattle.

Chanda having a meeting in her shop

click on photo to enlarge

“It was unexpressed terror, there were no hope, no option, neither there were any direction, and I just thought to escape from the situation as soon as possible”- She recalled.

Thus displaced people soon scattered in Dailekh, Surkhet, Nepalgunj, Kathmandu and some in India; became helpless and stateless within their own land.

After comprehensive peace accord signed between Nepal Government and Maoist in 2006; thousands of IDPs were resettled by several NGOs across Nepal in early 2007, Chanda was one among them. People were motivated and supported to form cooperatives in villages. Concept of group farming, revolving funds and seed money supports were provided for their sustainable livelihood. Child clubs, youth groups and mediation centers are formed for empowering and brining communal reconciliation.

“When we came back home we had nothing, not even a single seed. But all villagers came together, shared among whatever we had to help each other.”

In the beginning, as a member of the group, she was able to get revolving fund supports of Rs10, 000 ($100) and started a small cosmetic shop, now she earns 300 to 400 rupees every day from her shop. With the money she earns, she is been able to manage all her households’ expenses. Her children are now admitted a private English medium school.

Chanda leaded one of the ward level groups in the beginning, later she became treasure for a village level cooperative under which mediation center, child clubs, youth watch dogs and cluster based peace groups operates. In her resourcefulness, she has provided room for cooperative, mediation center and youth group. Her group also lobbying to get a free office room from VDC which is positive. People who were divided in different political fraction are now under same cooperative. Youth group and mediation center solves minor disputes in community and works for bringing communal reconciliation by healing trauma, forgetting past bitterness.

“Once the life was unsecured, and in deplorable condition, we became asylum seeker inside own state, after 7 years we are able to restart our livelihood peacefully”- she expressed her happiness.

Through the regular interaction between IDPs and Non-IDPs, people live happily and peacefully regardless their political ideologies. Chanda is just a sample case among thousands of IDPs who is perfectly reintegrated back.


Pregunta(s) relacionada(s) al artículo :

Peacebuilding after peace accords, What are some good examples?

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Reintegration after 10 years conflict: Nepal

Este artículo ha sido publicado on line el April 1, 2014.