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GLOBAL MOVEMENT FOR A CULTURE OF PEACE

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Chile, Peru Plan a Future of Peace
an article by Prensa Latina

President-elect Michelle Bachelet and Peruvian President Ollanta Humala planned today [January 27] a peaceful future between their countries in the wake of the ruling of the International Court of Justice in The Hague, Holland.


Presidents Bachelet and Humala

click on photo to enlarge

The two leaders agreed in remarks made in Santiago de Chile and Lima, respectively, in reference to the ruling of the ICJ about their maritime border dispute.

Bachelet, who is scheduled to meet soon at La Moneda Palace with President Sebastian Pinera, highlighted Chile's culture of peace and expressed her willingness to step up cooperation with Peru during her term.

"We have followed very carefully the ruling in The Hague and we are happy for the recognition of the parallel in the Marker 1 that defends our country and protects the essential rights in an area of 80 miles," she said.

"We did not lose territorial sovereignty and this is very relevant," she stated.

However, she lamented the decision to establish an equidistant line from the 80 miles to mile 200, though she stressed that top quality fishing is operated around the 80 miles.

Meanwhile, in Lima, almost at the same time, Humala considered that the ruling of the ICJ in The Hague is a triumph for peace and paves the way for cooperation and better links between two Latin American nations.

(Click here for a Spanish version of this article)

DISCUSSION

Question(s) related to this article:


Latin America, has it taken the lead in the struggle for a culture of peace?

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LATEST READER COMMENT:

I argued in my blog this January that indeed Latin America is now the "leading edge" of the global movement for a culture of peace.

Latin America continues to take the lead in the transition to a culture of peace.

As indicated by this month’s CPNN Bulletin, the continent was the first to establish city culture of peace commissions, as well as city commissions for components such as human rights in Sao Paulo and sustainable development in Aguascalientes.  Also the invocation of the culture of peace as the basis for the Union of South American States (UNASUR) was a pioneering development.

Now, we can add to this list of innovations, the development of the culture of peace at a regional level in Brazil, Peru and Mexico.  As discussed, this is an important new step since a region can be self-sustaining with regard to its agricultural basis, unlike the city.

In fact, Latin America has always been at the leading edge.  The initial concept came in 1986 from an initiative in Peru headed by the Jesuit scholar Felipe MacGregor.  The first national project was in El Salvador in 1993, and that experience was the basis for the adoption of the culture of peace programme by the Executive Board and General Conference of UNESCO.  The further development of the culture of peace as a social movement came in 1994 from a  “Group of Reflection” of Latin American experts in association with UNESCO.  It was the representatives from Latin American countries at the United Nations in New York that began in 1995 the annual resolutions which led eventually to the UN Declaration and Programme of Action on a Culture of Peace.  And the initial call for an International Year for the Culture of Peace came from a meeting of Latin American newspaper editors in Puebla, Mexico, in 1997.

The second and third largest number of signatures on the Manifesto 2000, by which individuals promised to support a culture of peace in their daily lives, came from Brazil (15 million) and Colombia (11 million).

During the International Decade for a Culture of Peace from 2001-2010, the rich countries, including Europe and the United States and their allies, refused to support the culture of peace, including its annual UN resolutions. . ...more.


This report was posted on February 13, 2014.