Nuclear forces reduced while modernizations continue, says SIPRI
un articulo por Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) today
[16 June] launches its annual nuclear forces data, which assesses
the current trends and developments in world nuclear arsenals. The
data shows that while the overall number of nuclear weapons in the
world continues to decline, none of the nuclear weapon-possessing
states are prepared to give up their nuclear arsenals for the
click on photo to enlarge
At the start of 2014 nine states—the United States, Russia, the
United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and North
Korea—possessed approximately 4000 operational nuclear
weapons. If all nuclear warheads are counted, these states together
possessed a total of approximately 16 300 nuclear weapons (see
table 1) compared to 17 270 in early 2013.
Over the past five years there has been a steady decline in the
overall number of nuclear warheads in the world (see table 2). The
decrease is due mainly to Russia and the USA—which together still
account for more than 93 per cent of all nuclear weapons—further
reducing their inventories of strategic nuclear weapons under the
terms of the Treaty on Measures for the Further Reduction and
Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms (New START).
At the same time, all five legally recognized nuclear weapon states
—China, France, Russia, the UK and the USA—are either deploying
new nuclear weapon delivery systems or have announced
programmes to do so. India and Pakistan continue to develop new
systems capable of delivering nuclear weapons and are expanding
their capacities to produce fissile material for military purposes.
There is an emerging consensus in the expert community that
North Korea has produced a small number of nuclear weapons, as
distinct from rudimentary nuclear explosive devices.
(Click here for a Spanish version of this article or here for a French version.)
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