Category Archives: d-democratic

How can sports promote peace?

This discussion question applies to the following articles:

Honduras: Culture of peace promoted in 200 young people from “hot” areas

WNBA’s Minnesota Lynx acknowledge shooting victims with t-shirts

The soccer team you won’t see at the World Cup (Uganda)

International Day of Sport for Development and Peace

Legião da Boa Vontade propaga Cultura de Paz no Campeonato Amazonense

Legião da Boa Vontade Promotes the Culture of Peace at the Amazonian Championships

A Sport for Peace World Database

Peace and Sport has Reached New Heights

Sports for Peace in São Paulo

Colombian Network Football for Peace and Development

Exchange between Colombia and Peru: Football for Peace

Running for Peace

Is a U.S. Department of Peace a realistic political goal?

Anne Creter, the author of the article listed below about the Toronto Conference, responds as follows:

“We need a whole new system of governance devoted to the culture of peace.

One logical way would be to enhance the existing global movement calling for governmental Departments and Infrastructure for Peace (I4P) worldwide.

“The current U.S. bill in Congress (H.R.1111) to establish a Department of Peacebuilding is a great example of your points. See and .

“The UN Development Programme has much evidence of governmental I4P effectiveness in certain countries where they are operational and have been shown to reduce violence. (Journal of Peacebuilding & Development Special I4P Issue, volume 7, Number 3, 2012 ISSN: 1542-3166).

“So let us develop a viable institutional framework for peace. Let us advocate our legislators for governmental Departments & I4P NOW.”

Here are the CPNN articles on this subject:

Participatory budgeting, How does it work?

Reading CPNN, we can see that we are advancing towards a culture of peace in little steps throughout the world. A good example is the progress in Participatory Budgeting (PB) which is, in effect, democratic participation. News about PB may be found in local media, but not on the front pages of the international commercial media which does not consider it to be important. A number of these local stories (see below) were covered by the CPNN bulletin a few years ago.

Here are CPNN articles about participatory budgeting:

New York City: Participatory Budgeting: Catch the Fever!

Paraná, Argentina: vecinos votaron las propuestas para Presupuesto Participativo

Paraná, Argentina: residents will vote on proposals to implement through the Participatory Budgeting Process

The municipality of Alcoutim, Portugal, launches Participatory Budgeting

Alcoutim lança Orçamento Participativo Municipal [Portugal”>

Participatory Budget 2014: Sunday will be the vote [Trenque, Argentina”>

Presupuesto Participativo 2014: el domingo será la votación [Trenque, Argentina”>

No reason to fear the people: Participatory budgeting in Brazil

Sem medo de povo: Orçamento Participativo no Brasil

Computerized voting system for Participatory Budgeting in Ubatuba, Brazil

Sistema informatizado de votação  para Orçamento Participativo é destaque em Ubatuba, Brasil

Participatory Budgeting for Youth in Rosario, Argentina

Presupuesto Participativo Joven – Rosario, Argentina

3.500 personas participaron en etapa de diagnóstico del Programa Presupuesto Participativo [La Serena, Chile”>

3,500 people take part in the diagnosis stage of participatory budgeting in La Serena, Chile.

How should elections be organized in a true democracy?

A blog by the CPNN coordinator in September 2017, asks if we are seeing the end of democracy: “. . . Leaders [in Latin America] who might have shown some sympathy with a culture of peace are gone, Hugo Chavez in Venezuela, Lula in Brazil and Fidel in Cuba, and their countries are moving to the right. This trend is not limited to Latin America. We have Trump, Putin, Duterte, Erdogan, rise of right-wing, even fascist parties in Europe, loss of the leadership of Mandela and Mbeki in South Africa, fading hopes that were raised by the Arab spring, and lack of any movement in Asia towards a culture of peace. Some might say it is the end of democracy, although I see it more limited as the loss of bourgeois democracy. After all, national elections are now almost solely determined by big money, and big money corrupts. To find progress towards true democracy it is necessary to look at a more local level.”

It seems from our CPNN coverage (list in right column) that the leadership on this question is being taken in Africa Here is a contribution to this question from Africa published in Transcend by David Tiomajou, Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences and International Relations  at Protestant University of Central Africa:

“In recent years, the call for political systems based on power-sharing and liberal democracy of executive power has been in full swing in countries where shortage of change and coalition of power has resulted in large scale poor governance and chronic citizens’ frustration. Cameroon, with a unique exoglossic and colonial heritage is one of such countries. Against the background of half a century French-English constitutional Bilingualism with a vibrant heterogynous linguistic landscape, it provides an ideal setting for political debate nationwide in general and in its dual cultural heritage in particular.

Prof. Celestin Tagou in his 2017 book entitled Democratic Rotation in Office: Political Transcendency and Transformation of Ethno-regional Identities within the 21st Century Nation State, in 167 pages covering 4 chapters explores the concept of power sharing as shaped by the anthropological and socio-cultural realities of the African continent.

Beginning with the theoretical concepts of the family, the clan, the tribe, the ethnicity, the people, the race and the state and the nation, (Chapter 1). Prof. Tagou provides a sharp critical analysis of  the “copy and paste” western approach to liberal democracy and its devastating shortcomings within the African context (Chapter 2) before elaborating the main purpose of his book which is “Democratic Rotation in Office” nicely captured in French as “Démocratie Rotative”(Chapter 3) with two significant case studies from Central and West Africa namely Cameroon and Ivory Coast.(Chapter 4).

In a nutshell, Prof. Tagou argues that power sharing and political participation require positive peace which is a necessary condition for sustainable development and this can only be effective through a model of democracy which is in fine tune with African history, its customs as well as its ancestral knowledge. He reckons that the importation, the implementation and even more so the “Copy and paste” of Westminster and Jacobin constitutional democracy in African young states have been “a political and societal mistakes”. Democracy per se could have universal principles and values, but there is not a model of democracy, that is universal. The is a French, a German, a British, an American…. model which is adapted to the various history and cultural background of each country.

Above all, Prof. Tagou brings to the democratic debate table bold, interesting and eye-opening proposals: Africa should proudly and positively mold its own model of democracy rooted in its socio-cultural and ethnic pluralistic context. He proposes a model based on Johan Galtung’s concepts of transcendence and transformation of conflicts: Rotative Democracy as mechanism for the election of the President of the Republic.

This book has inter alia two major strengths: first the originality of the argument within the African context marred with chronic heated political tensions around the executive power second, the timing and relevance of the publication with regard to Cameroon, currently in a deadlock political crisis known as “Anglophone Problem”. Prof. Tagou details his proposals with real, reliable and clear facts.

Never the less, although beautifully written in a fascinating and movingly style; Prof. Tagou’s “Democratic Rotation of Office” may leave its reader with a bitter taste in the mouth: how sound and fare can the relationship between the strategic group and the conflicting ones be? Is the rotating period among the 7+1 groups not too long for frustrating citizens to wait? And, as clearly stated by Prof. Alain Didier Olinga in the preface: To which group do the mixed-raced, half-breed and half-cast Cameroonians belong?

Whatever the case, Prof. Tagou has taken an insightful stand into the political debate on power sharing and liberal democracy in Africa with a major step in the contribution towards the search for solutions to office rotation and power coalition in Cameroon and readers and specialists of political sciences within the African continent and beyond will find this book of special interest.”

This question pertains to the following articles

Ivory Coast: National Symposium of Religious Leaders, Kings and Traditional Chiefs for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence

Guber poll: When Ijaw elders converged on Yenagoa [Nigeria]

Benin: The Youth Movement for the Preservation of Peace and Democracy raises awareness of Atacora youth on non-violence

Nigeria: National Council for Arts & Culture moves for peaceful elections

The 815th meeting of the African Union Peace and Security Council: Report of the Commission on Elections in Africa

Lesotho: Local Government and the culture of peace

Democracy Spring: Thousands Descend on US Capitol, Over 400 Arrested

Côte d’Ivoire: REPSFECO-CI promotes a peaceful electoral process

Côte d’Ivoire: Le REPSFECO-CI invite les acteurs à un processus électoral apaisé

Uganda: Government to Set Up Election Conflict Resolution Body

Nigeria: Why we facilitated Abuja peace accord —Ben Obi

Rethinking Post-Election Peacebuilding in Africa

Zimbabwe: Christian denominations launch peace initiative

Hong Kong’s Occupy Central pushes for ‘genuine democracy’

Provincial Youth Conference on Peace, Harmony and role of Youth at Karachi

Varsities vouch for peace ahead of general elections (Kenya)

Women’s World in Nationwide Sensitization [Sierra Leone]

Ghana Youth Coalition wants politicians to commit to peace in 2012

Towards an Inclusive Democracy in Bangladesh

Can festivals help create peace at the community level?

Below are articles in CPNN about this question:

Bolivia: Authorities present Carnival 2019 focused on promoting the culture of peace in Sucre

7th Fair of Nonviolent Initiatives in Quito, Ecuador

Brazil: Cotia organizes the 1st Walk for the Culture of Peace

India: Peace fiesta underway at Wokha

7 billion reasons for peace at Delhi Festival

Third annual youth festival celebrating life in a culture of peace (Guatemala)

Tercera edición del festival Jóvenes celebrando la vida en una cultura de paz (Guatemala)

Folklore Festivals Promote Culture of Peace (Brazil)

Festivais de Folclore Promovem a Cultura de Paz

2nd Guwahati International Music Fest to establish city in global music circuit

Kalinga [Philippines”> lines up Week for Peace activities

World Peace Festival hosts 600 attractions at Ibirapuera in Sao Paulo

Festival Mundial da Paz leva 600 atrações ao Ibirapuera em São Paulo

Sustainability-related ‘Peace Corner’ added to Earthfest event

Festival: “Homecoming of the Diaspora to Ouidah and other regions of Benin”

Festival: “Retrouvailles des Communautés de Ouidah et des autres région du Bénin avec la diaspora”

Sesi and GRPCom sponsor Peace Fairs in 10 cities of Paraná, Brazil

Sesi e GRPCom realizam Feira da Paz em 10 cidades do Paraná

Gabon: Libreville dances to the rhythm of the Festival of Cultures

Gabon : Libreville a vibré au rythme de la Fête des Cultures

Festirois 2011

The Festival of the Route of  Queens and Kings

House of Erasmus of Rotterdam at the Nelson Mandela Festival

“Let’s build the Bridge of Peace.”

The culture of peace at a regional level, Does it have advantages compared to a city level?

CPNN has often carried articles about establishing a culture of peace at the level of the city, but there are also some advantages to promoting a culture of peace at a somewhat broader regional level.

In particular, the culture of peace needs to be based on a sustainable economy, which, in the long run, should depend on local agricultural production more than imported food. This requires that the unit for the culture of peace include not only the city, but also the agricultural region surrounding it.

Below are articles in CPNN about this question:

SADC delegates to discuss women, youths’ role in strengthening peace and security in the region

UN agriculture agency chief calls on world’s mayors to make ‘global commitments local realities’

Castilla-La Mancha, Spain: The Strategic Agreement for Peace and Coexistence seeks a consensus of civil society

Brazil: State Government of Acre establishes union with institutions for the culture of peace

Michoacán, Mexico: Law Approved for Culture of Peace and Prevention of Violence

Michoacán, México: Aprueban Ley para la Cultura de Paz y Prevención de la Violencia

Peace Commissioner in Peru: “Many do not know what is a culture of peace”

Comisionada por la paz en Peru: “Muchos aún no saben que es cultura de paz”

Cleanz approves Law on Culture and Peace (Venezuela)

Cleanz aprobó Ley de Cultura y Paz (Venezuela)

The Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, joins with UNESCO to defend the culture of peace

Provincia y Unesco unidos para difundir “la cultura de la paz” [Buenos Aires, Argentina]

Launch of the 30th edition of the Intercity (Côte d’Ivoire)

Lancement de la 30e édition des intervilles (Côte d’Ivoire)

Peace Commissioner Announces a Dialogue to Stop Conflicts  [Peru]

Comisionado para la Paz anuncia diálogo para frenar conflictos [Peru]

Cajamarca declara de interés regional promoción de cultura de paz

Governors in Peru Get Training in Conflict Alert System

Capacitan a gobernadores de Puno en aplicación de sistema de alerta de conflictos [Peru]

The Government of Chiapas Stresses Values in Shaping Its Agenda

Destaca gobierno chiapaneco valores en conformación de agenda

Eighth Anniversary of the Law for Culture of Peace in Bahia [Brazil]

Sessão na AL-BA marca os oito anos da Lei da Cultura da Paz [Bahia, Brazil]

Cajamarca declares the need to promote a regional culture of peace

Proposals for Reform of the United Nations: Are they sufficiently radical?

In the blog “Proposal for a Radical Reform of the United Nations”, it is asserted that “As it is structured now, the United Nations is controlled by national governments, with their military institutions and military budgets. Over the course of history, national governments have come to monopolize war. As a result, if we are to make the transition from a culture of war to a culture of peace, we need a radical reform of the United Nations. Instead of being controlled by the Member States, it should be controlled by “We the Peoples,” the words that begin its Charter.”

* * * * * * * * * * * *

This question applies to the following CPNN articles:

European Parliament Calls for a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly and a UN Reform Summit in 2020

Campaign for a UN Parliamentary Assembly now endorsed by over 1,500 current and former lawmakers from 120 countries

Roundtable on Increasing Democratic Representation at the United Nations in The Hague

Chief justices call on world leaders “to work for the establishment of a world parliament”

Pan-African Parliament calls on African Union to support the creation of a UN Parliamentary Assembly

Calls for UN Security council reform at Istanbul summit

A Joint Declaration on the Environment, Social Inequality and Elimination of Nuclear Threat, with a Proposal for UN reform

Intergovernmental Negotiations on Security Council Reform/a>

How important is community development for a culture of peace?

Here are CPNN articles related to this theme:

South Africa: Global Youth Peacemaker Network initiative offers ‘real hope for Cape Flats’

El Salvador: Associations present project to promote a Culture of Peace

Stories from Rotarian Action Group for Peace provide inspiration for peace

Honduras: New health clinic in gang-ridden suburb of San Pedro Sula rebuilds community

Spain: Junta of Andalucía highlights commitment of the community to dialogue and solidarity in the ‘School Day of Peace’

Nigeria: Federal government rallies support of stakeholders to promote peace, security

USA: NCDD Launches Dialogue & Deliberation Training Partnership with American Library Association

Mexico: Presentation of the project “Oaxaca Intercultural”

México: Presentan proyecto “Oaxaca Intercultural”

Students march for peace and justice in Siquinalá, Escuintla (Guatemala)

Estudiantes caminan por la paz y la justicia en Siquinalá, Escuintla (Guatemala)

'Building a Culture of Peace for my Community' (Dominican Republic)

Realizan jornada “Construyendo una Cultura de Paz para mi Comunidad” (República Dominicana)

Land Reform for a Culture of Peace (Brazil)

Reforma Agrária por uma Cultura de Paz (Brasil)

Peru: Intiwawa Children of the Sun

Peace Promotion Can Work (Chicago)

Assault on Peaceful Co-existence (Nagaland, India)

Obreros y sindicatos reviven la Promesa [Puerto Rico]

Project launched to prevent young people from falling into crime [Honduras]

Lanzan proyecto para evitar que jóvenes caigan en delincuencia [Honduras]

The Centre for the Integral Development of Youth in Soacha, Colombia

Estragia de Centros de Desarrollo Integral Juvenil – Soacha, Colombia

Extreme Poverty is Violence – Breaking the Silence – Searching for Peace

Waking Souls for Social Change

Despertando almas para el cambio social

Fondation Idolè and the Culture of Peace

Fondation Idolè et la culture de la paix

Hope in a Shanty Town: Story of a Woman in Bangkok

Activities of the Santa Barbara Association for UNESCO

La Paloma Sabanera Coffee House and Bookstore

A Hartford Community Project Promotes Culture of Peace

Reforming the “Hooker”

UCONN Celebrates Kwanzaa

Ivy Walls: Local Lawyer's Fight to Help His Community

For prior discussion on this question, click here.

English bulletin December 1, 2016


We’ve seen two shocking election results recently: the defeat of the referendum for the peace accords in Colombia, and the election of Donald Trump in the USA based on a racist and xenophobic campaign. What does it mean?

It means that voters in the two countries are alienated from their governments – quite siimply, they do not trust the government. And they are angry.

So what comes next? Do we slide back into war or into fascism? Or do we return to the people, listen to their fears and anger, and organize them in the sense that Martin Luther King told us?: “The supreme task is to organize and unite people so that their anger becomes a transforming force.

CPNN, this month, finds ample evidence that the fightback to defend peace and human rights is underway in both countries. It begins at the local level, as it must be if it is to be sustainable. And it is being led by young people, as it must be if it is to have the energy to succeed.

Already, there are plans for a massive march of women to take place in Washington on the day after the inauguration. We “will send a bold message to our new administration on their first day in office, and to the world that women’s rights are human rights. We stand together, recognizing that defending the most marginalized among us is defending all of us.”

Thousands of students have staged walk-outs on college campuses across the United States, signalling their commitment to maintain “sanctuary campuses” to protect immigrant students. At the same time, the mayors of the largest American cities have pledged to maintain their policy of refusing to work with federal deportations These include Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles and New York. Not to mention entire states that are part of the sanctuary movement, including California and New York.

If you are out on the street talking to people, there is a new sense of urgency and commitment to get involved. “We’ve got a lot more work to do, now that Trump has been elected . . . more than ever, we need to work together for peace.”

People, especially youth, are training in methods of nonviolence, realizing that they will be put to the test in the coming times. For example, in Tucson, Arizona, students are taking the Kingian Nonviolence training program, which aims to “institutionalize and internationalize nonviolence.”

In Colombia, young people are training “to build capacities and to form ‘ Leaders animators’ in the territory who can then promote a political culture of pardon and reconciliation.” Also, there is the development of Municipal Peace Councils, the Municipal Councils of Transitional Justice . . . to form the network of peacebuilding strategy at the municipal level.” This month, CPNN articles about these initiatives come from the Colombian departments of Magdalena Centro, Cesar, Valle de Cauca and Antioquia, some of the most populous of Colombia’s 32 deparments.

Traditional peace and justice organizations, such as Search for Common Ground, Pace e Bene, Nonviolent Peaceforce and American Civil Liberties Union are deeply involved. But the energy is coming from young people to an extent that we have not seen since the revoluionary 60’s. It is they who will determine the direction and the power of the movement.




USA: ‘Sanctuary campus’ protests demand universities protect immigrants


Enough is enough: Oxfam seeks to end violence against women and girls once and for all


Tabling for peace in the USA: A new sense of urgency



47 of the world’s poorest countries are aiming to hit 100% renewable energy


Niger: Niamey opens a forum on the culture of peace through religious dialogue in the subregion


Antioquia, Colombia: Young people united by a Territorial Peace!


The International Society Culture of Peace: Solidarity concerts in Athens and Mytilini / Lesbos


Mexico: Sixteenth National Congress of Mediation inaugurated in Tlalnepantla

How can we develop the institutional framework for a culture of peace?

To achieve the transition from the culture of war to a culture of peace, the increasing consciousness around the world in important. But it is not enough. The task is also political. And to be political, consciousness needs to be linked up to the development of a new institutional framework.

To a great extent, this new institutional framework is being developed at the municipal level. This important because cities, unlike national governments, do not have an invested interest in the culture of war.

At the same time, there are continuing efforts to establish culture of peace institutions at national and international levels, as described in the following CPNN articles.

Readers are encouraged to add their comments below.

Building infrastructures for peace

Mexico: Cuitláhuac García issues decree for Culture of Peace and Human Rights Directorate

Mexico: National Forum for a Culture of Peace

2018 “World Beyond War” Toronto Conference Included Workshop on Departments and Infrastructures for Peace

Malta: Launching The Global Council For Tolerance And Peace (GCTP)

Let’s mark Canada’s 150th birthday by establishing a Department of Peace

Civil society has a critical role to play in ensuring lasting peace in Latin America: Tunisian Nobel Peace prize winner Ali Zeddini, speaking in Colombia

One billion signatures for peace

Inter-Parliamentary Union to mark 125 years of global parliamentary action on peace and democracy

Union Interparlementaire célèbre 125 années d’action parlementaire internationale au service de la paix et de la démocratie

Rwanda: 3rd African Alliance for Peace Summit

Ghana: Most Rev. Prof Asante: I have a dream for peace

Global Alliance for Ministries and Infrastructures for Peace (GAMIP) 2013 Switzerland Summit

Sixth Summit of Global Alliance for Ministries and Infrastructures of Peace

Parliaments Preparing for International Day of Democracy

100th Anniversary of the Peace Palace in The Hague