French
Spanish
Facebook
GLOBAL MOVEMENT FOR A CULTURE OF PEACE

On the left below, please find an article for the Culture of Peace News Network and on the right the discussion related to this article. You are invited to read and join in the discussion by clicking on any of the questions listed here, or, if you wish, you may enter a new discussion question as described on the bottom of this page. Please take the time to check one of the boxes below as to whether this article should be given a high priority, a medium priority or no priority

Learn Write Read Home About Us Discuss Search Subscribe Contact
by program area
by region
by category
by recency

United Nations and Culture of Peace
Global Movement for a Culture of Peace
Values, Attitudes, Actions
Rules of the Game
Submit an Article
Become a CPNN Reporter

Sumak Kewesay: Vida Plena

an article by Montserrt Homs, Johanna Barba & Pamela Barrera

En 2007, el presidente de Ecuador, Rafael Correa, propuso ante la Asamblea General de la ONU un proyecto sin precedentes: la iniciativa Yasuní ITT.


Reserva Yasuní

click on photo to enlarge

La reserva natural que lleva el mismo nombre, se calcula cuenta con alrededor de 846 millones de barriles de petróleo -lo cual se traduce en 107 mil barriles al día durante 13 años- en un área de 982 mil hectáreas.

Es importante notar que el crudo representa el 53% de las exportaciones del país, sin embargo el uso de los hidrocarburos de la reserva impacta en la abundante biodiversidad de la zona así como los asentamientos indígenas como Kichwa, Waorani, Tagaeri y Taromenane del parque.

La alternativa propuesta por el presidente Correa, consisten en que el Ecuador se compromete a no explotar los recursos a cambio de que los países del norte geopolítico, la mayoría suscritos al protocolo de Kioto, proporcionen una cantidad no menor al 50% de las rentas que recibirían en el caso de si hacerlo.

Dicho monto se destinaría a un fideicomiso internacional del Fondo de Desarrollo de las Naciones Unidas, organismo de las Naciones Unidas que se encargaría de recibir y administrar las aportaciones que se invierten exclusivamente en un plan de sustentabilidad con energía renovable únicamente para Ecuador.

Es importante agregar que entre los beneficios de esta propuesta, se evita la emisión de 407 millones de toneladas cuadradas de CO2 y tanto los grupos indígenas como la flora y la fauna de la zona permanecen en su hábitat.

Entre los países que han apoyado monetariamente la iniciativa se encuentran los Estados Unidos, Japón, Alemania, el Reino Unido y Francia.

Clickear aquí para la version inglês)

DISCUSSION

Question(s) related to this article:


What is the relation between the environment and peace?,,

* * * * *

LATEST READER COMMENT:

One way to understand the relation between environment and peace is to turn the question on its head and ask what is the relation between the environment and the culture of war.  Here is what I say in my book The History of the Culture of War :

The exploitation of the culture of war involves not only exploitation of people, but also exploitation of the environment. In recent years everyone has become more aware of the dangers of environmental pollution, with special attention to carbon emissions which have increased atmospheric carbon dioxide and resulted in global warming. This is also related to the loss of the world's forests which redress the problem by removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Insufficient attention has been paid, however, to the great environmental destruction and pollution caused by military activity.

Historically, military-related activity has been one of the primary causes of deforestation. This was already evident in ancient times as described above in the case of Greece and Rome. More recently, the British Empire was a major destroyer of forests, as described for India in an article by Budholai (available on the Internet) :

"The early days of British rule in India were days of plunder of natural resources. They started exploiting the rich resources present in India by employing the policy of imperialism. By around 1860, Britain had emerged as the world leader in deforestation, devastation its own woods and the forests in Ireland, South Africa and northeastern United States to draw timber for shipbuilding, iron-smelting and farming. Upon occasion, the destruction of forests was used by the British to symbolize political victory. Thus, the early nineteenth century, and following its defeat of the Marathas, the East India Company razed to the ground teak plantation in Ratnagiri nurtured and grown by the legendary Maratha Admiral Kanhoji Angre. . ...more.


This report was posted on 22 Febrero 2012.

If you wish to start a new discussion topic on this article, you need to register and log in. Then please copy the title of this article which is Sumak Kewesay: Vida Plena and its number which is 718 and enter this information along with your discussion question and an introductory response to the question here.


A few stories are retained on the main listings if they are considered by readers to be a priority. If you have not already done so, please take the time to check a box below: should this article be considered as a priority?