Changes and Challenges in Children and Women’s Rights in Africa
un articulo por Stephen Vunganai
The Global Youth Foundation in Zimbabwe is a youth led movement that is advocating for women and girl’s rights. The organization is conducting sustainable dialogue, seminars, outreach programs and media as a way to conscientise the women and the girls about the continued abuses of their rights. It is this plight that has also hindered global development and the effective implementation of international human rights instruments such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child. This has emerged as a cause for concern to all the policy makers, the international community, Heads of States and Governments and the Civil Society but nothing much of paramount importance has been achieved precipitating into a cyclical nature of abuses.
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Women and children in the region of the world have been driven into the peripheries of the society and have been labeled second hand citizens by men. Women have not fully been given an effective platform to participate in policy making decisions and community development and to exercise their right to political and religious freedom of expression. Just like women, the children in Sub-Saharan Africa especially the girl child have faced continuing violations of their rights to education, freedom of expression and the civil privileges of the citizens.
Women in Sub-Saharan just all other women have the right to freedom of expression both religiously and politically, freedom from incessant torture or slavery, access to education and the right to property ownership. These are the core and inherent rights that the women in Sub-Saharan Africa are continuously being denied. The major setback to checking these incessant and cyclical violations is the marginalization of women and under-representation within their communities, nations and states that are tasked in implementing human rights standards. This is a major setback to development in this part of the world. It has also led to problems such as “feminization” of HIV/AIDS in which many women are infected due to their dependence on males who have reinforced their control on women through violence, often sexual. To counteract these problems is the motivating basis of the Global Youth Foundation
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Nobel Lecture by Aung San Suu Kyi, Oslo, 16 June, 2012
Your Majesties, Your Royal Highness, Excellencies, Distinguished members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, Dear Friends,
Long years ago, sometimes it seems many lives ago, I was at Oxford listening to the radio programme Desert Island Discs with my young son Alexander. It was a well-known programme (for all I know it still continues) on which famous people from all walks of life were invited to talk about the eight discs, the one book beside the bible and the complete works of Shakespeare, and the one luxury item they would wish to have with them were they to be marooned on a desert island. At the end of the programme, which we had both enjoyed, Alexander asked me if I thought I might ever be invited to speak on Desert Island Discs. “Why not?” I responded lightly. Since he knew that in general only celebrities took part in the programme he proceeded to ask, with genuine interest, for what reason I thought I might be invited. I considered this for a moment and then answered: “Perhaps because I’d have won the Nobel Prize for literature,” and we both laughed. The prospect seemed pleasant but hardly probable.
(I cannot now remember why I gave that answer, perhaps because I had recently read a book by a Nobel Laureate or perhaps because the Desert Island celebrity of that day had been a famous writer.)
In 1989, when my late husband Michael Aris came to see me during my first term of house arrest, he told me that a friend, John Finnis, had nominated me for the Nobel Peace Prize. This time also I laughed. . ... continuación.
Este artículo ha sido publicado on line el
August 5, 2012.
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